Most people will experience trauma in their lifetime. Traumatic events include a car accident, abuse or neglect, the sudden death of a loved one, a violent criminal act, exposure to the violence of war, or a natural disaster. More importantly, it’s not the event, but the individual’s emotional response that determines whether they have experienced trauma.
While some people may recover from trauma over time with the love and support of family and friends, others may discover effects of lasting trauma, which can cause a person to live with deep emotional pain, fear, confusion, or posttraumatic stress far after the event has passed.
In these circumstances, the support, guidance, and assistance of a Therapist is fundamental to facilitate healing.
The DSM 5 includes four types of trauma symptoms:
- Avoiding specific locations, sights, situations, and sounds that serve as reminders of the event
- Anxiety, depression, numbness, or guilt
- Intrusive thoughts, nightmares, or flashbacks
- Anger, irritability, and hypervigilance
- Aggressive, reckless behavior, including self-harm
- Sleep disturbances
Negative Mood and Cognition Symptoms
- Loss of interest in activities that were once considered enjoyable
- Difficulty remembering details of the distressing event
- Change in habits or behavior since the trauma
Research shows psychotherapy to be the most effective form of treatment for trauma. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a commonly used treatment approach.
If you or someone you know is experiencing any of the trauma symptoms listed above, let’s discuss ways to kultivate wellness.